Moulding, also known as ‘coving,’ is a bit of material used to cover up a shift between planes or for decoration, usually made of wood (timber) or plastic. As decorative elements, they are a means of changing the appearance of furniture and other elements to create a particular kind of atmosphere without really changing the materials.
Decorative timber moulding, also known as appliqué, refers to the wooden material added to furniture to provide a complete finish and give the furniture some form of design, either sophisticated or simple.
In choosing the kind of decorative moulding or appliqué to use for furniture, it is imperative to consider some important factors. This includes not just the type of timber moulding or the type and size of furniture, but also the kind of style you want to create, and the space (room) where the furniture will reside. In this way, furniture moulding selection should be done at the beginning of the design process, not at the end or as an afterthought.
This is to create a collective and perfect finish, instead of moving from one design type to another and thus creating an uncomplimentary look by mixing different moulding shapes, textures or sizes.
The type of moulding will also be affected by the other kinds of finishing in the room where the furniture will be. For instance, the decorative moulding in the kitchen will be different from those in the bedroom or in the lounge. They do not all have to be the same around the house, i.e. from one room to the other, but each space should have decorative mouldings that complement each other. This kind of selection has to be predicated on knowledge of the language of mouldings.
For instance, in choosing patterns, one must be aware that there are large and small patterns, load-bearing or terminating, running, directional or symmetrical. A good design could actually have a combination of these factors to create an overall look that is unique as well as pleasing to the eye, depending of course on personal preferences. Combining various types of decorative moulding should however be kept as simple as well, to avoid a tacky and unappealing appearance.
Always remember that textures, colours, and shapes should all reflect a design concept that is unifying and complete. The right kind of decorative timber mouldings can make plain interiors and unappealing furniture interesting and add personality to a room. Luckily, there are a variety of decorative moulding types to choose from. And in the present age of do it yourself, some have taken the decorative moulding trade even higher, by making designs peculiar to them, using and transforming basic traditional styles, or altogether going out of their way to create a totally different concept of decorative timber moulding. Some of the most basic types of timber moulding for furniture are the rose scrolls, or the wooden decorative rose and scroll furniture moulding appliqué, the heart on scrolls, fairy, crown, even the spectacular miniature cherubs.
Most of these come in white colour but can be added to the furniture and then painted in to blend with it. They also come with the backs professionally sanded flat to perfectly fit onto the surface of your furniture.
Irrespective of the type of decorative moulding chosen for furniture, always remember that the ‘space’ is yours alone; create your own heaven.